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Original Research 
RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 858-861


Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns

Saeeda Nabat ul Hassan, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Sadia Zia, Yasmeen Lashari, Mahreen Mahmood.

Abstract
Objective: To determine frequency of common bacteria causing urinary tract infection (UTI) among toilet-trained children and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out from October 2020 to March 2021 at Pathology unit of Sahara Medical College, Narowal, Pakistan. A total of 193 toilet-trained children with culture positive UTI were included in the study. Mid-stream urinary samples were collected and sent to institutional laboratory for urine analysis, culture and antimicrobial sensitivity patterns. Demographic details like gender, age, residential area, and clinical findings along with isolated microorganism and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern were recorded.
Results: Out of 193 children, 108(54%) were female and 85(46%) male. Mean age was 10.563.82 years (range 6-14). There were 114(57%) children above 10 years of age and 129(64.5%) belonged to rural areas. Most common bacteria isolated was E. coli in 155(80.3%) cases. Antimicrobials having highest sensitivity against the causative bacteria included Imipenem and Meropenem 189(97.9%), Piperacillin Tazobactam 187(96.9%), Amikacin 185(95.8%), Fosfomycin 184(95.3%), Gentamycin 178(92.2%) and Sulzone 171(88.6%).
Conclusion: Eschericia coli was the commonest bacteria causing UTI among toilet trained children. Antimicrobials with highest sensitivity included Imipenem, Meropenem, Piperacillin Tazobactam, Amikacin and Fosfomycin.

Key words: Urinary tract infection, Gram-negative bacteria, E. coli, toilet-trained children, antimicrobial sensitivity.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Zia S, Lashari Y, Mahmood M. Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 858-861.


Web Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Zia S, Lashari Y, Mahmood M. Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=81728 [Access: October 14, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Zia S, Lashari Y, Mahmood M. Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 858-861.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hassan SNu, Farva K, Bhutta GA, Zia S, Lashari Y, Mahmood M. Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ. (2021), [cited October 14, 2021]; 46(4): 858-861.



Harvard Style

Hassan, S. N. u., Farva, . K., Bhutta, . G. A., Zia, . S., Lashari, . Y. & Mahmood, . M. (2021) Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. RMJ, 46 (4), 858-861.



Turabian Style

Hassan, Saeeda Nabat ul, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Sadia Zia, Yasmeen Lashari, and Mahreen Mahmood. 2021. Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 858-861.



Chicago Style

Hassan, Saeeda Nabat ul, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Sadia Zia, Yasmeen Lashari, and Mahreen Mahmood. "Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 858-861.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hassan, Saeeda Nabat ul, Khushbu Farva, Ghulam Asghar Bhutta, Sadia Zia, Yasmeen Lashari, and Mahreen Mahmood. "Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns." Rawal Medical Journal 46.4 (2021), 858-861. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hassan, S. N. u., Farva, . K., Bhutta, . G. A., Zia, . S., Lashari, . Y. & Mahmood, . M. (2021) Bacteria causing urinary tract infection among children and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (4), 858-861.








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