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Original Research 
RMJ. 2016; 41(2): 238-240


Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia

Wei Da Son, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, Mahadevan Deva Tata.

Abstract
Objective: To look at the association between the body mass index (BMI) and waist over hip ratio to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Methodology: This prospective cross sectional study included subjects who visited gastrointestinal outpatient clinic at Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar, Malaysia. It was a convenient sampling. The subjects were interviewed with a validated questionnaire (GERDq). The data was analyzed with Chi-square test, using statistical analysis SPSS version 19.
Result: A total of 100 subjects were interviewed. The chi-square value for modified BMI was 1.190 (p=0.275). 59% of study population had a BMI of 23 kg/m2 and of these, 31% had GERD impact on daily life. The W/H Ratio had chi-square value of 0.852 (p=0.356). 29% of the subjects with W/H Ratio above 0.85 for male and 0.95 for female showed GERD symptoms with high impact on daily life.
Conclusion: In this study, BMI and W/H Ratio were not associated with GERD symptoms. However, the results showed a trend of increased BMI with higher GERD symptoms impact on the daily life.

Key words: Body Mass Index (BMI), obesity, waist/hip ratio, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Son WD, Burud IAS, Ng YH, Hussein ABV, Kuang TS, Hun ZL, Tata MD. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ. 2016; 41(2): 238-240.


Web Style

Son WD, Burud IAS, Ng YH, Hussein ABV, Kuang TS, Hun ZL, Tata MD. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=208793 [Access: July 17, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Son WD, Burud IAS, Ng YH, Hussein ABV, Kuang TS, Hun ZL, Tata MD. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ. 2016; 41(2): 238-240.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Son WD, Burud IAS, Ng YH, Hussein ABV, Kuang TS, Hun ZL, Tata MD. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ. (2016), [cited July 17, 2018]; 41(2): 238-240.



Harvard Style

Son, W. D., Burud, I. A. S., Ng, Y. H., Hussein, A. B. V., Kuang, T. S., Hun, Z. L. & Tata, M. D. (2016) Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. RMJ, 41 (2), 238-240.



Turabian Style

Son, Wei Da, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, and Mahadevan Deva Tata. 2016. Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. Rawal Medical Journal, 41 (2), 238-240.



Chicago Style

Son, Wei Da, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, and Mahadevan Deva Tata. "Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia." Rawal Medical Journal 41 (2016), 238-240.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Son, Wei Da, Ismail Abdul Sattar Burud, York Hang Ng, Aslinah Binti Velayit Hussein, Ting Shiuan Kuang, Zi Ling Hun, and Mahadevan Deva Tata. "Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia." Rawal Medical Journal 41.2 (2016), 238-240. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Son, W. D., Burud, I. A. S., Ng, Y. H., Hussein, A. B. V., Kuang, T. S., Hun, Z. L. & Tata, M. D. (2016) Are body mass index and waist over hip ratio associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms among outpatients in Hospital Tuanku Ja’afar?, Malaysia. Rawal Medical Journal, 41 (2), 238-240.




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