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Original Research 


Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients

Muhammad Kashif Rafiq, Babar Sultan, Haider Kamran, Yousuf Aziz Khan, Fazle Wadud, Yasir Aziz.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of various wound complications among diabetic patients after abdominal surgery.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted at general surgical unit of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad from January to June 2020. Type-2 diabetic patients undergoing abdominal surgeries for various indications were studied for post-operative wound complications. Patients having anemia, cancer, abnormal skin conditions at surgical site, having repeated surgery or any condition (other than diabetes mellitus) suppressing body immunity were excluded from the study. Association of gender, age, body mass index, educational status and duration of diabetes were studied.
Results: Out of 200 cases, 64% were male and 36% female. Mean age was 39.425.67 years (range 15-75). Hernioplasty, laparotomy and cholecystectomy were common surgeries performed in 32%, 21% and 24.5%, respectively. Most common wound complication was wound infection seen in 14%. Increased body mass index and long duration of diabetes mellitus type-2 were mainly associated with post-operative wound complications.
Conclusion: Wound complications after abdominal surgery are common among type-2 diabetic patients having significant association with long duration of diabetes and increased body mass index.

Key words: Type-2 diabetes mellitus, abdominal surgery, wound dehiscence.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rafiq MK, Sultan B, Kamran H, Khan YA, Wadud F, Aziz Y. Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 68-71.


Web Style

Rafiq MK, Sultan B, Kamran H, Khan YA, Wadud F, Aziz Y. Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=2982 [Access: March 20, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rafiq MK, Sultan B, Kamran H, Khan YA, Wadud F, Aziz Y. Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. RMJ. 2021; 46(1): 68-71.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rafiq MK, Sultan B, Kamran H, Khan YA, Wadud F, Aziz Y. Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. RMJ. (2021), [cited March 20, 2021]; 46(1): 68-71.



Harvard Style

Rafiq, M. K., Sultan, . B., Kamran, . H., Khan, . Y. A., Wadud, . F. & Aziz, . Y. (2021) Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. RMJ, 46 (1), 68-71.



Turabian Style

Rafiq, Muhammad Kashif, Babar Sultan, Haider Kamran, Yousuf Aziz Khan, Fazle Wadud, and Yasir Aziz. 2021. Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 68-71.



Chicago Style

Rafiq, Muhammad Kashif, Babar Sultan, Haider Kamran, Yousuf Aziz Khan, Fazle Wadud, and Yasir Aziz. "Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients." Rawal Medical Journal 46 (2021), 68-71.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rafiq, Muhammad Kashif, Babar Sultan, Haider Kamran, Yousuf Aziz Khan, Fazle Wadud, and Yasir Aziz. "Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients." Rawal Medical Journal 46.1 (2021), 68-71. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rafiq, M. K., Sultan, . B., Kamran, . H., Khan, . Y. A., Wadud, . F. & Aziz, . Y. (2021) Frequency and risk factors of wound complications after abdominal surgery in diabetic patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 46 (1), 68-71.








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